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Yep, you want to look into the Google "Application Specific Passwords". Within your google account security settings you have the ability to create a random password for apps or sites that can't use the 2 factor auth. Just go in to your security profile, create a new application specific password, choose a name for it (it is only a description name, nothing that matters to Outlook. Call it Outlook-Macbook or Outlook-Desktop, just so you know what it is for), and type that long password string into your Outlook. Viola!