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Several methods are available to backup data existing in Gmail account but the overall requirements depend on situation. You can check following methods to backup your Gmail account to hard drive.
1) Using Desktop Email Clients - You can use desktop email client (Microsoft Outlook or Mozilla Thunderbird) to backup Gmail accounts. Apart from backup, desktop email clients also allow working offline with additional supplementary features. If you will configure Gmail account with MS Outlook then it will download and save all mails in a PST File since Thunderbird store data in a MBOX File.
2) Using Free Utilities (GMail Backup or Gmvault): By using Gmail backup tool you can download all emails from Gmail account to separate EML files in your PC. But this tool does not create backup of Contacts, Calendars and notes. While Gnvault is a script-based program that make use of command lines to backup Gmail data.
3) Using Paid Tools: There are many applications for the same task but as per my knowledge SysTools Gmail Backup Tool is a best and cheapest solution comes with a lot of potential features. You can get this tool by paying only $12. It offers to save the downloaded files as most adaptable file formats including (PST, EML, MSG, MBOX and VCF). Whereas, ‘Gmail Keeper’ charge$29 for performing the similar task.
Note: You can go with either of above mention methods for creating backup of Gmail accounts.
You can try a client like Beyond Inbox to backup emails on hard drive or any another account. It also provides Incremental backup plan, which facilitates the users to download newly arrived mails after last back up. You can run this application on Windows, Linux as well as on Mac Os.
Download your copy from here : Download Beyond Inbox