The short answer is no. The longer answer is, not yet. Xbox chief Phil Spencer has indicated that streaming Windows games to the Xbox is something they'd like to do. The first step is adding full mouse support to the Xbox One and there's no definite timeline for that yet. So it sounds like eventually you'll be able to stream Windows games to the Xbox One, but not now and not in the near future.
If you don't mind buying new hardware, several other companies are working to bring Windows games to your TV. Razer's Forge TV has a service called Razer Cortex: Stream http://www.razerzone.com/gaming-systems/razer-forge-tv that is listed as Coming Soon. It's supposed to support streaming Windows games to the Forge hardware connected to your TV. Also Valve's Steam Link http://store.steampowered.com/app/353380/ is coming in November and it's primary purpose is streaming Steam games to the living room TV.